Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin

District: Mitte
Address before 1945: Unter den Linden
Address today: Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin

Today’s Humboldt University, the main building of which is located on Unter den Linden, was founded in 1809 as the Berliner Universität. From 1828 to 1946 it was known as Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität (FWU).
During the Nazi period, some 280 instructors, or roughly 35 percent of the faculty, were fired — the vast majority of them because they were Jewish. Students and applicants also suffered discrimination and exclusion, including Marcel Reich-Ranicki (1920-2013). After attending the Werner Siemens Reformrealgymnasium and the Fichte Reformrealgymnasium, he applied for a place at the FWU. He was rejected. A comment in red ink on the rejection notice read “jüd.” (“Jewish”).

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