Martha Liebermann

Martha Marckwald (1857–1943) met the painter Max Liebermann (1847–1935) when still a child. Upon the death of her own father, Liebermann’s father Louis was appointed her guardian. Martha Marckwald and Max Liebermann married in 1884. Their daughter Marianne Henriette Käthe was born in 1885. As a widow, Martha was forced by the Nazis to leave their house on Pariser Platz. Her efforts to emigrate failed. In the winter of 1942, Martha Liebermann suffered a stroke. After receiving an order to appear for deportation to the Theresienstadt concentration camp on 5 March 1943, she committed suicide. The Nazi authorities initially prevented her from being buried alongside her husband in the Weißensee Cemetery. Only after 1960 was she finally laid to rest in the tomb of her husband Max Liebermann.


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